Kyoto City is a city located in the south of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. It is governed by Kyoto Prefecture and is also one of the designated cities by government decree. Kyoto City covers an area of 827.83 square kilometers and has 11 districts under its jurisdiction. In October 2019, Kyoto City had a population of 1,466,264 and a population density of 1778.4 (person/㎢), making it the eighth most populous city in Japan.
Kyoto is also one of the most important cultural and educational cities in Japan. There are 37 universities in the city. The average number of universities per million people and the proportion of students in the population rank first among Japanese metropolises.
Kyoto has been the capital of Japan since Emperor Kanmu moved the capital to Heiankyo in 794 until Emperor Meiji established the capital in Tokyo in 1868. Years of historical accumulation have made Kyoto a city rich in historical relics, and it is also one of the important towns of Japanese traditional culture. Some traditional folk festivals in Kyoto, such as Aoi Festival and Gion Festival, have been held for more than a thousand years and have become unique scenery in Kyoto.
With 17 cultural heritage sites, these factors make Kyoto attract many tourists. The number of domestic and foreign tourists visiting Kyoto exceeds 50 million every year.
The site selection of Heian-kyo (Kyoto) refers to Fengshui thought, and follows the example of Chang'an and Luoyang in China. It is a traditional city with a market system. Ping'anjing is about 5.2 kilometers long from north to south and 4.5 kilometers long from east to west. Ouchi-ri, where the emperor lived, is located in the north of Heian-kyo, with Suzaku-dori as the center, and the city is divided into two symmetrical parts, Ukyo (also known as "Chang'an") and Sakyo (also known as "Luoyang"). Heian-kyo (Kyoto) can be regarded as a large-scale and well-planned East Asian traditional planned city.
International Tourism and Cultural City
The city of Kyoto was spared from the disasters of World War II, and most of the shrines, temples, monuments, streets, etc. have been preserved intact. The history, culture and festivals of religion, nobles, samurai and common people have attracted a large number of foreign tourists. Therefore, Kyoto City has been designated as an international tourism and cultural city by the country under the "International Tourism and Cultural City Law".